Environmental factors influencing the spatio-temporal distribution of Carybdea marsupialis (Lineo, 1978, Cubozoa) in South-Western Mediterranean coasts

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Title: Environmental factors influencing the spatio-temporal distribution of Carybdea marsupialis (Lineo, 1978, Cubozoa) in South-Western Mediterranean coasts
Authors: Canepa, Antonio | Fuentes, Verónica L. | Bosch Belmar, María del Mar | Acevedo, Melissa J. | Toledo-Guedes, Kilian | Ortiz, Antonio | Durá Candela, Elia | Bordehore, Cesar | Gili, Josep-Maria
Research Group/s: Biología Marina | Gestión de Ecosistemas y de la Biodiversidad (GEB)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias del Mar y Biología Aplicada | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ecología | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Multidisciplinar para el Estudio del Medio "Ramón Margalef"
Keywords: Environmental factors | Spatio-temporal distribution | Carybdea marsupialis | South-Western Mediterranean coasts
Knowledge Area: Zoología | Ecología
Issue Date: 26-Jul-2017
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Citation: Canepa A, Fuentes V, Bosch-Belmar M, Acevedo M, Toledo-Guedes K, Ortiz A, et al. (2017) Environmental factors influencing the spatio-temporal distribution of Carybdea marsupialis (Lineo, 1978, Cubozoa) in South-Western Mediterranean coasts. PLoS ONE 12(7): e0181611. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181611
Abstract: Jellyfish blooms cause important ecological and socio-economic problems. Among jellyfish, cubozoans are infamous for their painful, sometimes deadly, stings and are a major public concern in tropical to subtropical areas; however, there is little information about the possible causes of their outbreaks. After a bloom of the cubomedusa Carybdea marsupialis (Carybdeidae) along the coast of Denia (SW Mediterranean, Spain) in 2008 with negative consequences for local tourism, the necessity to understand the ecological restrictions on medusae abundance was evident. Here we use different models (GAM and zero-inflated models) to understand the environmental and human related factors influencing the abundance and distribution of C. marsupialis along the coast of Denia. Selected variables differed among medusae size classes, showing different environmental restriction associated to the developmental stages of the species. Variables implicated with dispersion (e.g. wind and current) affected mostly small and medium size classes. Sea surface temperature, salinity and proxies of primary production (chl a, phosphates, nitrates) were related to the abundances of small and large size classes, highlighting the roles of springtime salinity changes and increased primary production that may promote and maintain high densities of this species. The increased primary (and secondary) production due to anthropogenic impact is implicated as the factor enabling high numbers of C. marsupialis to thrive. Recommendations for monitoring blooms of this species along the study area and applicable to Mediterranean Sea include focus effort in coastal waters where productivity have been enriched by anthropogenic activities.
Sponsor: This study was conducted with the support of the European Commission LIFE program (LIFE08 NAT ES 64 CUBOMED) with the support of the following Spanish public institutions: Fundación Biodiversidad, Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente, Generalitat Valenciana, and O.A. Parques Nacionales of Spain.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/68752
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181611
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2017 Canepa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181611
Appears in Collections:INV - GEB - Artículos de Revistas
INV - BM - Artículos Científicos / Scientific Papers

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