Total nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus digestibility in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) and European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fed with conventional and organic commercial feeds: implications for particulate waste production

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Title: Total nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus digestibility in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) and European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fed with conventional and organic commercial feeds: implications for particulate waste production
Authors: Ballester-Moltó, Mateo | Follana-Berná, Guillermo | Sanchez-Jerez, Pablo | Aguado Giménez, Felipe
Research Group/s: Biología Marina
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias del Mar y Biología Aplicada
Keywords: Commercial diet | Dicentrarchus labrax | Digestibility | Organic aquaculture | Particulate wastes | Sparus aurata
Knowledge Area: Zoología
Issue Date: Jul-2017
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Citation: Aquaculture Research. 2017, 48(7): 3450-3463. doi:10.1111/are.13171
Abstract: Organic fish farming is postulated as a more environmentally friendly activity than conventional activities. However, environmental sustainability as regards waste output has not been addressed. In this respect, the most important environmental problems associated with fish farming are those related with the discharge of particulate wastes. In this study, total nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus digestibility was estimated in a wide size range of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) and European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fed a commercially available conventional diet and an organic feed, as a previous step to assessing particulate waste output. Neither fish size nor feed nutrient content was seen to influence nutrient digestibility in either species. The organic diet provided higher carbon but lower nitrogen and phosphorus digestibility than conventional feed in both species. Simulations under real ongrowing conditions resulted in lower values for nitrogen and higher values for carbon particulate wastes when conventional feed was supplied to both species. Particulate phosphorus wastes were 2.6- to 3.4-fold higher for fish fed the organic diet. Restrictions concerning NO the raw materials used for organic diet formulation and differences in nutrient bioavailability between the diets seemed to be the underlying reason for the differences found.
Sponsor: This research was funded by the Spanish Institute of Agro-Forestry Research (INIA; Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness; Project RTA2011-00088-00-00). The study was also partially sponsored by the Sub-Programme of Researcher Formation of the Spanish Institute of Agro-Forestry Research (FPI-INIA).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/68545
ISSN: 1355-557X (Print) | 1365-2109 (Online)
DOI: 10.1111/are.13171
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.13171
Appears in Collections:INV - BM - Artículos Científicos / Scientific Papers

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