Detecting Differences between Clinical Presentations in ADHD through the Cognitive Profile Obtained from WISC-IV

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Title: Detecting Differences between Clinical Presentations in ADHD through the Cognitive Profile Obtained from WISC-IV
Authors: Navarro Soria, Ignasi | Fenollar-Cortés, Javier | Lavigne Cerván, Rocio | Juarez Ruiz de Mier, Rocio
Research Group/s: Grupo de Investigación en Psicología Evolutiva y Criminología (GIPEC)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y Didáctica
Keywords: TDAH | WISC-IV | Working memory | Processing speed | Instrumental study
Knowledge Area: Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación
Issue Date: Jul-2017
Publisher: Horizon Research Publishing
Citation: Universal Journal of Psychology. 2017, 5(4): 179-186. doi:10.13189/ujp.2017.050403
Abstract: Objective: The current study explores whether WISC-IV cognitive profiles could allow to differentiate between presentations of ADHD. Method: A clinical sample of 216 subjects aged between 6 and 16 years and distributed into 2 subgroups (ADHD inattentive type group aged M = 8.5, SD = 2.4; and ADHD combined group M = 10.1, SD = 2.6) was recruited for the study. Results: Processing Speed Index mean score was significantly higher (F (1,214) = 14.7, p< .001, d = 0.52) in ADHD-Inattentive group (M = 90.7; SD = 12.1) than ADHD-Combined group (M = 97.7; SD = 14.7). Furthermore, PSI was negatively associated with "Inattention" dimension (β = -.21, p< .001 family and β = -.19, p< .001 teachers) while it was positively associated with "Hyperactivity/Impulsivity" dimension (β = .27, p< .001 family and β = .33, p< .001 teachers). Conclusions: The higher inattentiveness the lower PSI mean score, while a higher hyperactivity/impulsivity mean score would reduce the impact caused for inattentiveness. Thus, ADHD-I profile would tend to show a significant lower PSI mean score than ADHD-C.
ISSN: 2332-3477 (Print) | 2332-3485 (Online)
DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2017.050403
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2017 by authors, all rights reserved. Authors agree that this article remains permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - GIPEC - Artículos de Revistas

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