Environmental effects of brine discharge from two desalination plants in Algeria (South Western Mediterranean)

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Title: Environmental effects of brine discharge from two desalination plants in Algeria (South Western Mediterranean)
Authors: Belatoui, Abdelmalek | Bouabessalam, Hassiba | Hacene, Omar Rouane | de-la-Ossa-Carretero, Jose Antonio | Martinez-Garcia, Elena | Sánchez-Lizaso, José Luis
Research Group/s: Biología Marina | Recursos Hídricos y Desarrollo Sostenible
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias del Mar y Biología Aplicada
Keywords: Brine discharge | Diffusers | Algeria | Dilution | Benthic | Impact assessment | Mediterranean
Knowledge Area: Zoología
Issue Date: May-2017
Publisher: Desalination Publications
Citation: Desalination and Water Treatment. 2017, 76: 311-318. doi:10.5004/dwt.2017.20812
Abstract: One of the main concerns in the desalination industry is to relieve pressure on the marine environment caused by brine disposal. Its impact depends on effluent dilution, which may be increased by installing appropriate diffusers. We analysed the environmental effect of brine discharge from two Algerian desalination plants with a similar capacity (200,000 m3/day), but different discharge technology, to explore the reduction in impact on the marine environment by using diffusers. Spatial distribution of the brine was extremely different at the two plants. This was a result of the different discharge technology installed and is reflected in the differences in impact observed on benthic communities. The impact of desalination activity on the marine environment can thus be mitigated and controlled by installation of multiport diffusers. These systems can enhance mixing and reduce the impact on the benthic community and area of influence of facilities as large as those described in this paper.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/67574
ISSN: 1944-3994 (Print) | 1944-3986 (Online)
DOI: 10.5004/dwt.2017.20812
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2017 Desalination Publications
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2017.20812
Appears in Collections:INV - Recursos Hídricos y Desarrollo Sostenible - Artículos de Revistas
INV - BM - Artículos Científicos / Scientific Papers

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