Urban Water Cycle Simulation/Management Models: A Review

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Title: Urban Water Cycle Simulation/Management Models: A Review
Authors: Peña-Guzmán, Carlos | Melgarejo, Joaquín | Prats, Daniel | Torres, Andrés | Martínez, Sandra
Research Group/s: Recursos Hídricos y Desarrollo Sostenible
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Análisis Económico Aplicado | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Química | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario del Agua y las Ciencias Ambientales
Keywords: Urban water cycle | Integrated management of urban water | Computational models
Knowledge Area: Historia e Instituciones Económicas | Ingeniería Química
Issue Date: 19-Apr-2017
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Peña-Guzmán CA, Melgarejo J, Prats D, Torres A, Martínez S. Urban Water Cycle Simulation/Management Models: A Review. Water. 2017; 9(4):285. doi:10.3390/w9040285
Abstract: Urban water management is increasingly important given the need to maintain water resources that comply with global and local standards of quantity and quality. The effective management of water resources requires the optimization of financial resources without forsaking social requirements. A number of mathematical models have been developed for this task; such models account for all components of the Urban Water Cycle (UWC) and their interactions. The wide range of models entails the need to understand their differences in an effort to identify their applicability, so academic, state, and private sectors can employ them for environmental, economic, and social ends. This article presents a description of the UWC and relevant components, a literature review of different models developed between 1990 and 2015, and an analysis of several case studies (applications). It was found that most applications are focused on new supply sources, mainly rainwater. In brief, this article provides an overview of each model’s use (primarily within academia) and potential use as a decision-making tool.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/65568
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w9040285
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/w9040285
Appears in Collections:INV - Recursos Hídricos y Desarrollo Sostenible - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Historia e Instituciones Económicas - Artículos de Revistas

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