Earth Observations for Geohazards: Present and Future Challenges

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Title: Earth Observations for Geohazards: Present and Future Challenges
Authors: Tomás, Roberto | Li, Zhenhong
Research Group/s: Ingeniería del Terreno y sus Estructuras (InTerEs)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil
Keywords: Earth observation | EO | Geohazards | Earthquake | Landslide | Land subsidence | InSAR | LiDAR | Optical | Images | Displacement | Deformation | Damage assessment | Satellite | Monitoring
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería del Terreno
Issue Date: 24-Feb-2017
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Tomás R, Li Z. Earth Observations for Geohazards: Present and Future Challenges. Remote Sensing. 2017; 9(3):194. doi:10.3390/rs9030194
Abstract: Earth Observations (EO) encompasses different types of sensors (e.g., Synthetic Aperture Radar, Laser Imaging Detection and Ranging, Optical and multispectral) and platforms (e.g., satellites, aircraft, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) and enables us to monitor and model geohazards over regions at different scales in which ground observations may not be possible due to physical and/or political constraints. EO can provide high spatial, temporal and spectral resolution, stereo-mapping and all-weather-imaging capabilities, but not by a single satellite at a time. Improved satellite and sensor technologies, increased frequency of satellite measurements, and easier access and interpretation of EO data have all contributed to the increased demand for satellite EO data. EO, combined with complementary terrestrial observations and with physical models, have been widely used to monitor geohazards, revolutionizing our understanding of how the Earth system works. This Special Issue presents a collection of scientific contributions focusing on innovative EO methods and applications for monitoring and modeling geohazards, consisting of four Sections: (1) earthquake hazards; (2) landslide hazards; (3) land subsidence hazards; and (4) new EO techniques and services.
Sponsor: Part of this work was supported by the UK Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC) through the Centre for the Observation and Modelling of Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tectonics (COMET, ref.: come30001) and the LICS and CEDRRIC projects (refs. NE/K010794/1 and NE/N012151/1, respectively), European Space Agency through the ESA-MOST DRAGON-4 projects (ref. 32244) and the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and EU FEDER funds under projects TIN2014-55413- C2-2-P and ESP2013-47780-C2-2-R.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/63528
ISSN: 2072-4292
DOI: 10.3390/rs9030194
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs9030194
Appears in Collections:INV - INTERES - Artículos de Revistas

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