Oxidation-Resistant and Elastic Mesoporous Carbon with Single-Layer Graphene Walls

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Title: Oxidation-Resistant and Elastic Mesoporous Carbon with Single-Layer Graphene Walls
Authors: Nishihara, Hirotomo | Simura, Tomoya | Kobayashi, Shunsuke | Nomura, Keita | Berenguer Betrián, Raúl | Ito, Masashi | Uchimura, Masanobu | Iden, Hiroshi | Arihara, Kazuki | Ohma, Atsushi | Hayasaka, Yuichiro | Kyotani, Takashi
Research Group/s: Electrocatálisis y Electroquímica de Polímeros
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Materiales
Keywords: Mesoporous carbons | Oxidation-resistant | Elastic | Single-layer graphene walls
Knowledge Area: Química Física
Issue Date: 20-Sep-2016
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
Citation: Advanced Functional Materials. 2016, 26(35): 6418-6427. doi:10.1002/adfm.201602459
Abstract: An oxidation-resistant and elastic mesoporous carbon, graphene mesosponge (GMS), is prepared. GMS has a sponge-like mesoporous framework (mean pore size is 5.8 nm) consisting mostly of single-layer graphene walls, which realizes a high electric conductivity and a large surface area (1940 m2 g−1). Moreover, the graphene-based framework includes only a very small amount of edge sites, thereby achieving much higher stability against oxidation than conventional porous carbons such as carbon blacks and activated carbons. Thus, GMS can simultaneously possess seemingly incompatible properties; the advantages of graphitized carbon materials (high conductivity and high oxidation resistance) and porous carbons (large surface area). These unique features allow GMS to exhibit a sufficient capacitance (125 F g−1), wide potential window (4 V), and good rate capability as an electrode material for electric double-layer capacitors utilizing an organic electrolyte. Hence, GMS achieves a high energy density of 59.3 Wh kg−1 (material mass base), which is more than twice that of commercial materials. Moreover, the continuous graphene framework makes GMS mechanically tough and extremely elastic, and its mean pore size (5.8 nm) can be reversibly compressed down to 0.7 nm by simply applying mechanical force. The sponge-like elastic property enables an advanced force-induced adsorption control.
Sponsor: This work was supported by PRESTO, JST (H.N.); a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A), 15H01999 (T.K.); the Nano-Macro Materials, Devices and System Research Alliance; and the Network Joint Research Center for Materials and Devices.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/63273
ISSN: 1616-301X (Print) | 1616-3028 (Online)
DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602459
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201602459
Appears in Collections:INV - GEPE - Artículos de Revistas

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