Groundwater intensive use and mining in south-eastern peninsular Spain: Hydrogeological, economic and social aspects

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Título: Groundwater intensive use and mining in south-eastern peninsular Spain: Hydrogeological, economic and social aspects
Autor/es: Custodio, Emilio | Andreu Rodes, José Miguel | Aragón, Ramón | Estrela, Teodoro | Ferrer, Javier | García-Aróstegui, José Luis | Manzano, Marisol | Rodríguez-Hernández, Luis | Sahuquillo, Andrés | Villar, Alberto del
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Geología Aplicada e Hidrogeología
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Medio Ambiente
Palabras clave: Intensive exploitation | Groundwater mining | Reserve depletion | Hydrogeology | Socio-economy | South-eastern Spain | Governance
Área/s de conocimiento: Geodinámica Externa
Fecha de publicación: 15-jul-2016
Editor: Elsevier
Cita bibliográfica: Science of The Total Environment. 2016, 559: 302-316. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.02.107
Resumen: Intensive groundwater development is a common circumstance in semiarid and arid areas. Often abstraction exceeds recharge, thus continuously depleting reserves. There is groundwater mining when the recovery of aquifer reserves needs more than 50 years. The MASE project has been carried out to compile what is known about Spain and specifically about the south-eastern Iberian Peninsula and the Canary Islands. The objective was the synthetic analysis of available data on the hydrological, economic, managerial, social, and ethical aspects of groundwater mining. Since the mid-20th century, intensive use of groundwater in south-eastern Spain allowed extending and securing the areas with traditional surface water irrigation of cash crops and their extension to former dry lands, taking advantage of good soils and climate. This fostered a huge economic and social development. Intensive agriculture is a main activity, although tourism plays currently an increasing economic role in the coasts. Many aquifers are relatively high yielding small carbonate units where the total groundwater level drawdown may currently exceed 300 m. Groundwater storage depletion is estimated about 15 km3. This volume is close to the total contribution of the Tagus-Segura water transfer, but without large investments paid for with public funds. Seawater desalination complements urban supply and part of cash crop cultivation. Reclaimed urban waste water is used for irrigation. Groundwater mining produces benefits but associated to sometimes serious economic, administrative, legal and environmental problems. The use of an exhaustible vital resource raises ethical concerns. It cannot continue under the current legal conditions. A progressive change of water use paradigm is the way out, but this is not in the mind of most water managers and politicians. The positive and negative results observed in south-eastern Spain may help to analyse other areas under similar hydrogeological conditions in a less advanced stage of water use evolution.
ISSN: 0048-9697 (Print) | 1879-1026 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.02.107
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos: © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Revisión científica: si
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Aparece en las colecciones:INV - GAH - Artículos de Revistas

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