Latent class cluster analysis in exploring different profiles of gifted and talented students

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Title: Latent class cluster analysis in exploring different profiles of gifted and talented students
Authors: Castejón, Juan Luis | Gilar-Corbi, Raquel | Miñano, Pablo | González García, María
Research Group/s: Habilidades, Competencias e Instrucción | Investigación en Inteligencias, Competencia Social y Educación (SOCEDU)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y Didáctica
Keywords: Latent class analysis | Cluster analysis | High-ability students | Profile analysis
Knowledge Area: Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación
Issue Date: Aug-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Learning and Individual Differences. 2016, 50: 166-174. doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2016.08.003
Abstract: With respect to intervention related to gifted students, numerous studies highlight the need for teachers to recognise different types of high-ability students and to be aware of the differences in these students' cognitive and motivational characteristics such that they can provide better assistance. A latent class cluster analysis was performed to analyse the unobserved heterogeneity in a group of 358 gifted secondary students. Moreover, a multi-variate analysis of variance, and a univariate analysis of variance of repeated measures were performed to determine whether there were differences in the profiles of the cognitive and motivational variables between the identified classes. The results revealed the existence of four latent clusters, with different profiles, within the gifted student population: a) gifted achievers; b) cognitive gifted; c) creative gifted; d) high achievement and cognitive gifted.
Sponsor: This work was funded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain (Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad de España) through the Reference EDU2012-32156 project.
ISSN: 1041-6080 (Print) | 1873-3425 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.lindif.2016.08.003
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2016 Elsevier Inc.
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - Habilidades, Competencias e Instrucción - Artículos de Revistas
INV - SOCEDU - Artículos de Revistas

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