Trends in mortality due to motor vehicle traffic accident injuries between 1987 and 2011 in a Spanish region (Comunitat Valenciana)

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Título: Trends in mortality due to motor vehicle traffic accident injuries between 1987 and 2011 in a Spanish region (Comunitat Valenciana)
Autor/es: Melchor-Alós, Inmaculada | Nolasco, Andreu | Moncho, Joaquin | Quesada, José Antonio | Pereyra-Zamora, Pamela | García-Senchermés, Carmen | Tamayo Fonseca, Nayara | Martínez-Andreu, Purificación | Valero, Socorro | Salinas, Manuel
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Grupo Balmis de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria e Historia de la Ciencia
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Palabras clave: Trends | Mortality | Injuries | Motor vehicle traffic accidents | Preventable mortality
Área/s de conocimiento: Enfermería
Fecha de publicación: abr-2015
Editor: Elsevier
Cita bibliográfica: Accident Analysis & Prevention. 2015, 77: 21-28. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2015.01.023
Resumen: Objective: To analyse the time evolution of the rates of mortality due to motor vehicle traffic accidents (MVTA) injuries that occurred among the general population of Comunitat Valenciana between 1987 and 2011, as well as to identify trend changes by sex and age group. Methods: An observational study of annual mortality trends between 1987 and 2011. We studied all deaths due to MVTA injuries that occurred during this period of time among the non-institutionalised population residing in Comunitat Valenciana (a Spanish Mediterranean region that had a population of 5,117,190 inhabitants in 2011). The rates of mortality due to MVTA injuries were calculated for each sex and year studied. These rates were standardised by age for the total population and for specific age groups using the direct method (age-standardised rate – ASR). Joinpoint regression models were used in order to detect significant trend changes. Additionally, the annual percentage change (APC) of the ASRs was calculated for each trend segment, which is reflected in statistically significant joinpoints. Results: For all ages, ASRs decrease greatly in both men and women (70% decrease between 1990 and 2011). In 1990 and 2011, men have rates of 36.5 and 5.2 per 100,000 men/year, respectively. In the same years, women have rates of 8.0 and 0.9 per 100,000 women/year, respectively. This decrease reaches up to 90% in the age group 15–34 years in both men and women. ASR ratios for men and women increased over time for all ages: this ratio was 3.9 in 1987; 4.6 in 1990; and 5.8 in 2011. For both men and women, there is a first significant segment (p < 0.05) with an increasing trend between 1987 and 1989–1990. After 1990, there are 3 segments with a significant decreasing APC (1990–1993, 1993–2005 and 2005–2011, in the case of men; and 1989–1996, 1999–2007 and 2007–2011, in the case of women). Conclusion: The risk of death due to motor vehicle traffic accidents injuries has decreased significantly, especially in the case of women, for the last 25 years in Comunitat Valenciana, mainly as of 2006. This may be a consequence of the road-safety measures that have been implemented in Spain and in Comunitat Valenciana since 2004. The economic crisis that this country has undergone since 2008 may have also been a contributing factor to this decrease. Despite the decrease, ASR ratios for men and women increased over time and it is still a high-risk cause of death among young men. It is thus important that the measures that helped decrease the risk of death are maintained and improved over time.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/53337
ISSN: 0001-4575 (Print) | 1879-2057 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2015.01.023
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos: © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Revisión científica: si
Versión del editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2015.01.023
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