Pt/TixCe(1-x)O2 catalysts for PROX reaction

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Título: Pt/TixCe(1-x)O2 catalysts for PROX reaction
Autor/es: Rico Francés, Soledad
Director de la investigación: Sepúlveda Escribano, Antonio | Ramos-Fernández, Enrique V.
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Inorgánica
Palabras clave: Titanium oxide | Cerium oxide | Mixed oxide | Platinum | Catalyst | PROX
Área/s de conocimiento: Química Inorgánica
Fecha de creación: 2015
Fecha de publicación: 2015
Fecha de lectura: 24-jul-2015
Editor: Universidad de Alicante
Resumen: The main objective of this Thesis is the synthesis, characterization and application in the PROX reaction of several series of catalysts synthesized using different methods, in order to find efficient materials with high catalytic activity. This work has been divided in six chapters. Chapter I presents an introduction about current energy problems and hydrogen (energy carrier) as a solution, with its limitations and advances on its use: storage, transport and security. Finally, its use as a fuel in PEMFC (Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells) and the advantages comparing other existent fuel cells has been discussed. A brief summary was done about the catalytic systems studied in literature for PROX reaction and their characteristics. Following, Chapter 2 describes all the characterization techniques which were used to study the properties of the synthesized supports and catalysts, together with the experimental system employed for the catalytic tests. Most of these equipments belong to SSTTI of University of Alicante or are hand-made systems in the LMA group. DRIFTs and DTP were done at TUDelft, Catalysis Engineering Section. Next chapters contain the most important results obtained during the complete research work; they have been divided in two parts. On one hand, Chapter 3 describes the synthesis of pure TiO2 using five different methods, and its use as platinum support for PROX catalysts. On the other hand, taking into account the obtained results, three synthesis methods were chosen, and the study was centered in the addition of CeO2 to TiO2. Chapter 4 discusses the TixCe(1-x)O2 series synthesized using the sol-gel method. In Chapter 5 a solvothermal procedure was employed for the synthesis of supports with similar composition and, finally, impregnation of cerium over commercial P25 titania was compared in Chapter 6. Each chapter contains a complete study of characterization of both supports and catalysts. Synthesis parameters, pretreatment and reaction conditions were also modified for the best catalyst of the three series. Analyzing the catalysts’ behavior, a reaction mechanism was proposed. Finally, general conclusions summarize the most relevant results obtained in each chapter.
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
Derechos: Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0
Aparece en las colecciones:Tesis doctorales

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