No effect of unemployment on intimate partner-related femicide during the financial crisis: a longitudinal ecological study in Spain

Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/49845
Información del item - Informació de l'item - Item information
Título: No effect of unemployment on intimate partner-related femicide during the financial crisis: a longitudinal ecological study in Spain
Autor/es: Torrubiano Domínguez, Jordi | Vives-Cases, Carmen | San Sebastián, Miguel | Sanz, Belén | Goicolea, Isabel | Álvarez-Dardet, Carlos
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Salud Pública
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Palabras clave: Spouse abuse | Economic recession | Mortality
Área/s de conocimiento: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Fecha de publicación: 30-sep-2015
Editor: BioMed Central
Cita bibliográfica: BMC Public Health. 2015, 15:990. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2322-0
Resumen: Background: Spain’s financial crisis has been characterized by an increase in unemployment. This increase could have produced an increase in deaths of women due to intimate partner-related femicides (IPF). This study aims to determine whether the increase in unemployment among both sexes in different regions in Spain is related to an increase in the rates of IPF during the current financial crisis period. Methods: An ecological longitudinal study was carried out in Spain’s 17 regions. Two study periods were defined: pre-crisis period (2005–2007) and crisis period (2008–2013). IPF rates adjusted by age and unemployment rates for men and women were calculated. We fitted multilevel linear regression models in which observations at level 1 were nested within regions according to a repeated measurements design. Results: Rates of unemployment have progressively increased in Spain, rising above 20 % from 2008 to 2013 in some regions. IPF rates decreased in some regions during crisis period with respect to pre-crisis period. The multilevel analysis does not support the existence of a significant relationship between the increase in unemployment in men and women and the decrease in IPF since 2008. Discussion: The increase in unemployment in men and women in Spain does not appear to have an effect on IPF. The results of the multilevel analysis discard the hypothesis that the increase in the rates of unemployment in women and men are related to an increase in IPF rates. Conclusions: The decline in IPF since 2008 might be interpreted as the result of exposure to other factors such as the lower frequency of divorces in recent years or the medium term effects of the integral protection measures of the law on gender violence that began in 2005.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/49845
ISSN: 1471-2458
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-015-2322-0
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos: © 2015 Torrubiano-Domínguez et al. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Revisión científica: si
Versión del editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2322-0
Aparece en las colecciones:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas
Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones

Archivos en este ítem:
Archivos en este ítem:
Archivo Descripción TamañoFormato 
ThumbnailBMC_Public_Health_Vives_Cases.pdf538,04 kBAdobe PDFAbrir Vista previa


Este ítem está licenciado bajo Licencia Creative Commons Creative Commons