Effects of temperature and organic pollution on nutrient cycling in marine sediments

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Títol: Effects of temperature and organic pollution on nutrient cycling in marine sediments
Autors: Sanz-Lázaro, Carlos | Valdemarsen, Thomas | Holmer, Marianne
Grups d'investigació o GITE: Biología Marina
Centre, Departament o Servei: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias del Mar y Biología Aplicada
Paraules clau: Ocean temperature | Climate change | Coastal systems | Marine sediments | Nutrient cycling
Àrees de coneixement: Zoología
Data de publicació: 3-d’agost-2015
Editor: Copernicus Publications | European Geosciences Union
Citació bibliogràfica: Sanz-Lázaro, C., Valdemarsen, T., and Holmer, M.: Effects of temperature and organic pollution on nutrient cycling in marine sediments, Biogeosciences, 12, 4565-4575, doi:10.5194/bg-12-4565-2015, 2015
Resum: Increasing ocean temperature due to climate change is an important anthropogenic driver of ecological change in coastal systems. In these systems sediments play a major role in nutrient cycling. Our ability to predict ecological consequences of climate change is enhanced by simulating real scenarios. Based on predicted climate change scenarios, we tested the effect of temperature and organic pollution on nutrient release from coastal sediments to the water column in a mesocosm experiment. PO43− release rates from sediments followed the same trends as organic matter mineralization rates, increased linearly with temperature and were significantly higher under organic pollution than under nonpolluted conditions. NH4+ release only increased significantly when the temperature rise was above 6 °C, and it was significantly higher in organic polluted compared to nonpolluted sediments. Nutrient release to the water column was only a fraction from the mineralized organic matter, suggesting PO43− retention and NH4+ oxidation in the sediment. Bioturbation and bioirrigation appeared to be key processes responsible for this behavior. Considering that the primary production of most marine basins is N-limited, the excess release of NH4+ at a temperature rise > 6 °C could enhance water column primary productivity, which may lead to the deterioration of the environmental quality. Climate change effects are expected to be accelerated in areas affected by organic pollution.
Patrocinadors: CS was supported by the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia of Spain.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/48977
ISSN: 1726-4170 (Print) | 1726-4189 (Online)
DOI: 10.5194/bg-12-4565-2015
Idioma: eng
Tipus: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Drets: © Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
Revisió científica: si
Versió de l'editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-4565-2015
Apareix a la col·lecció: INV - BM - Artículos Científicos / Scientific Papers

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