Assessment of Web Content Accessibility Levels in Spanish Official Online Education Environments

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Título: Assessment of Web Content Accessibility Levels in Spanish Official Online Education Environments
Autor/es: Roig-Vila, Rosabel | Ferrández Escámez, Sergio | Ferri Miralles, Immaculada
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: EDUTIC- ADEI (Educación y Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación- Atención a la Diversidad. Escuela Inclusiva)
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Didáctica General y Didácticas Específicas
Palabras clave: Accessibility | Disabilities | Educational environment | eLearning | Internet
Área/s de conocimiento: Didáctica y Organización Escolar
Fecha de publicación: 20-may-2014
Editor: Canadian Center of Science and Education
Cita bibliográfica: International Education Studies. 2014, 7(6): 31-45. doi:10.5539/ies.v7n6p31
Resumen: Diversity-based designing, or the goal of ensuring that web-based information is accessible to as many diverse users as possible, has received growing international acceptance in recent years, with many countries introducing legislation to enforce it. This paper analyses web content accessibility levels in Spanish education portals according to the international guidelines established by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI). Additionally, it suggests the calculation of an inaccessibility rate as a tool for measuring the degree of non-compliance with WAI Guidelines 2.0 as well as illustrating the significant gap that separates people with disabilities from digital education environments (with a 7.77% average). A total of twenty-one educational web portals with two different web depth levels (42 sampling units) were assessed for this purpose using the automated analysis tool Web Accessibility Test 2.0 (TAW, for its initials in Spanish). The present study reveals a general trend towards non-compliance with the technical accessibility recommendations issued by the W3C-WAI group (97.62% of the websites examined present mistakes in Level A conformance). Furthermore, despite the increasingly high number of legal and regulatory measures about accessibility, their practical application still remains unsatisfactory. A greater level of involvement must be assumed in order to raise awareness and enhance training efforts towards accessibility in the context of collective Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), since this represents not only a necessity but also an ethical, social, political and legal commitment to be assumed by society.
ISSN: 1913-9020 (Print) | 1913-9039 (Online)
DOI: 10.5539/ies.v7n6p31
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos: Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (
Revisión científica: si
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Aparece en las colecciones:INV - EDUTIC-ADEI - Artículos de Revistas

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