Is a cluster a necessary condition for success? The case of Benidorm

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Title: Is a cluster a necessary condition for success? The case of Benidorm
Authors: Perles Ribes, José Francisco | Rodriguez-Sanchez, Isabel | Ramón-Rodríguez, Ana B.
Research Group/s: Economía del Turismo, Recursos Naturales y Nuevas Tecnologías (INNATUR) | Planificación y Gestión Sostenible del Turismo | Internacionalización de la Empresa y Comercio Exterior
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Análisis Económico Aplicado | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Investigaciones Turísticas | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Interuniversitario de Economía Internacional
Keywords: Benidorm | Tourism destination competitiveness | Tourism clusters
Knowledge Area: Economía Aplicada | Análisis Geográfico Regional
Issue Date: 14-May-2015
Publisher: Routledge
Citation: Current Issues in Tourism. 2015. doi:10.1080/13683500.2015.1043247
Abstract: This paper analyses the application of the cluster concept to tourist destinations using Benidorm as a case study. A questionnaire was administered to tourism firms based in Benidorm in order to determine whether this destination currently constitutes a tourism cluster or whether it possesses the ideal characteristics to become a cluster with the private agents' collaboration, that is, whether it is a potential cluster. The results obtained from this research indicate that Benidorm's success is not derived from the presence of a cluster due to a series of elements that prevent its existence. In this destination there is a need to strengthen cooperation between public and private agents (especially in those areas that determine the competitive advantage of the destination) and to design a strategy based on shared goals. Both of these elements are fundamental for the characterisation of a cluster.
Sponsor: This research has been carried out within the framework of the project “Methodology, criteria and implementation of the cluster theory in consolidated tourism areas: innovation, competitiveness and territorial synergies” under the Spanish National R&D&I Plan 2008–2011 and financed by the Ministry of Science and Innovation.
ISSN: 1368-3500 (Print) | 1747-7603 (Online)
DOI: 10.1080/13683500.2015.1043247
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2015 Taylor & Francis
Peer Review: si
Publisher version:
Appears in Collections:INV - INNATUR - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Internacionalización de la Empresa y Comercio Exterior - Artículos de Revistas
INV - PGST - Artículos de Revistas
INV - SIRHO - Artículos de Revistas

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