Retinal-binding proteins mirror prokaryotic dynamics in multipond solar salterns

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Título: Retinal-binding proteins mirror prokaryotic dynamics in multipond solar salterns
Autor/es: Gomariz, María | Martinez-Garcia, Manuel | Santos Sánchez, Fernando | Constantino, Marco | Meseguer, Inmaculada | Anton, Josefa
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Ecología Microbiana Molecular
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Fisiología, Genética y Microbiología
Palabras clave: Microbial opsin | Retinal-binding proteins | Prokaryotic dynamics | Multipond solar salterns
Área/s de conocimiento: Microbiología
Fecha de publicación: feb-2015
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Cita bibliográfica: Environmental Microbiology. 2015, 17(2): 514-526. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.12709
Resumen: Microbial opsin (i.e. retinal-binding protein) dynamics has been studied along a salinity gradient in Santa Pola solar salterns (Alicante, Spain) by using culture-independent approaches and statistical analyses. Five ponds of salinities ranging from 18% to above 40% were sampled nine times along a year. Forty-three opsin-like sequences were retrieved by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and clustered into 18 different phylogroups, indicating that their diversity was higher than expected according to previous data. Moreover, the statistical correlation between environmental factors controlling microbial community structure and dynamics of environmental rhodopsin proteins indicated almost identical temporal fluctuations between the opsin-related sequences and their corresponding putative ‘producers’ in nature. Although most sequences were related to others previously detected in hypersaline environments, some pond-specific opsins putatively belonged to previously uncharacterized hosts. Furthermore, we propose that subtle changes in the bacteriorhodopsin ‘retinal proton binding pocket’, which is key in the photocycle function, could be the molecular basis behind a fine ‘photocycle-tuning’ mechanism to avoid inter/intraspecies light-competition in hypersaline environments.
Patrocinador/es: This work was supported by project CGL2012-39627-C03-01 of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, which was also co-funded with FEDER support from the European Union.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/45609
ISSN: 1462-2912 (Print) | 1462-2920 (Online)
DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.12709
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos: © 2014 Society for Applied Microbiology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Revisión científica: si
Versión del editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.12709
Aparece en las colecciones:INV - EMM - Artículos de Revistas

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