Mesoporous materials for clean energy technologies

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Title: Mesoporous materials for clean energy technologies
Authors: Linares Pérez, Noemí | Silvestre Albero, Ana | Serrano, Elena | Silvestre-Albero, Joaquín | Garcia-Martinez, Javier
Research Group/s: Laboratorio de Nanotecnología Molecular (NANOMOL) | Materiales Avanzados
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Inorgánica | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Materiales
Keywords: Mesoporous materials | Clean energy technologies
Knowledge Area: Química Inorgánica
Issue Date: 4-Apr-2014
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: Chemical Society Reviews. 2014, 43: 7681-7717. doi:10.1039/C3CS60435G
Abstract: Alternative energy technologies are greatly hindered by significant limitations in materials science. From low activity to poor stability, and from mineral scarcity to high cost, the current materials are not able to cope with the significant challenges of clean energy technologies. However, recent advances in the preparation of nanomaterials, porous solids, and nanostructured solids are providing hope in the race for a better, cleaner energy production. The present contribution critically reviews the development and role of mesoporosity in a wide range of technologies, as this provides for critical improvements in accessibility, the dispersion of the active phase and a higher surface area. Relevant examples of the development of mesoporosity by a wide range of techniques are provided, including the preparation of hierarchical structures with pore systems in different scale ranges. Mesoporosity plays a significant role in catalysis, especially in the most challenging processes where bulky molecules, like those obtained from biomass or highly unreactive species, such as CO2 should be transformed into most valuable products. Furthermore, mesoporous materials also play a significant role as electrodes in fuel and solar cells and in thermoelectric devices, technologies which are benefiting from improved accessibility and a better dispersion of materials with controlled porosity.
Sponsor: The authors wish to thank the Spanish MINECO (Project CTQ2011-28954-C02-01) for financial support. E.S. acknowledges financial support from UA (Project GRE12-39).
ISSN: 0306-0012 (Print) | 1460-4744 (Online)
DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60435G
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - LMA - Artículos de Revistas
INV - NANOMOL - Artículos de Revistas

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