Inelastic Cross Sections for Low-Energy Electrons in Liquid Water: Exchange and Correlation Effects

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Title: Inelastic Cross Sections for Low-Energy Electrons in Liquid Water: Exchange and Correlation Effects
Authors: Emfietzoglou, Dimitris | Kyriakou, Ioanna | García Molina, Rafael | Abril, Isabel | Nikjoo, Hooshang
Research Group/s: Interacción de Partículas Cargadas con la Materia
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Física Aplicada
Keywords: Inelastic cross sections | Low-energy electrons | Liquid water | Exchange | Correlation effects
Knowledge Area: Física Aplicada
Issue Date: 18-Oct-2013
Publisher: Radiation Research Society
Citation: Radiation Research. 2013, 180(5): 499-513. doi:10.1667/RR13362.1
Abstract: Low-energy electrons play a prominent role in radiation therapy and biology as they are the largest contributor to the absorbed dose. However, no tractable theory exists to describe the interaction of low-energy electrons with condensed media. This article presents a new approach to include exchange and correlation (XC) effects in inelastic electron scattering at low energies (below ∼10 keV) in the context of the dielectric theory. Specifically, an optical-data model of the dielectric response function of liquid water is developed that goes beyond the random phase approximation (RPA) by accounting for XC effects using the concept of the many-body local-field correction (LFC). It is shown that the experimental energy-loss-function of liquid water can be reproduced by including into the RPA dispersion relations XC effects (up to second order) calculated in the time-dependent local-density approximation with the addition of phonon-induced broadening in N. D. Mermin's relaxation-time approximation. Additional XC effects related to the incident and/or struck electrons are included by means of the vertex correction calculated by a modified Hubbard formula for the exchange-only LFC. Within the first Born approximation, the present XC corrections cause a significantly larger reduction (∼10–50%) to the inelastic cross section compared to the commonly used Mott and Ochkur approximations, while also yielding much better agreement with the recent experimental data for amorphous ice. The current work offers a manageable, yet rigorous, approach for including non-Born effects in the calculation of inelastic cross sections for low-energy electrons in liquid water, which due to its generality, can be easily extended to other condensed media.
Sponsor: DE and IK acknowledge financial support from the European Union FP7 (Marie Curie Actions) programme “RADDEL” (REA grant agreement No. 290023). RGM and IA acknowledge financial support from the European Regional Development Fund and the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Project No. FIS2010-17225). Work of HN was supported by Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) and Karolinska Institutet.
ISSN: 0033-7587 (Print) | 1938-5404 (Online)
DOI: 10.1667/RR13362.1
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2013 by Radiation Research Society
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - IPCM - Artículos de Revistas

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