Evidences of the Cerium Oxide-Catalysed DPF Regeneration in a Real Diesel Engine Exhaust

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Title: Evidences of the Cerium Oxide-Catalysed DPF Regeneration in a Real Diesel Engine Exhaust
Authors: Valencia, M. | López, E. | Andrade, S. | Iris, M.L. | Guillén Hurtado, Noelia | Rico Pérez, Verónica | Garcia-Garcia, Avelina | Salinas Martínez de Lecea, Concepción | Bueno López, Agustín
Research Group/s: Materiales Carbonosos y Medio Ambiente
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Inorgánica | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Materiales
Keywords: DPF regeneration | Soot | Ceria | Doped-ceria | Diesel engine contamination
Knowledge Area: Química Inorgánica
Issue Date: May-2013
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media New York
Citation: Topics in Catalysis. 2013, 56(1-8): 452-456. doi:10.1007/s11244-013-9995-3
Abstract: The active phase Ce0.5Pr0.5O2 has been loaded on commercial substrates (SiC DPF and cordierite honeycomb monolith) to perform DPF regeneration experiments in the exhaust of a diesel engine. Also, a powder sample has been prepared to carry out soot combustion experiments at laboratory. Experiments performed in the real diesel exhaust demonstrated the catalytic activity of the Ce–Pr mixed oxide for the combustion of soot, lowering the DPF regeneration temperature with regard to a counterpart catalyst-free DPF. The temperature for active regeneration of the Ce0.5Pr0.5O2-containing DPF when the soot content is low is in the range of 500–550 °C. When the Ce0.5Pr0.5O2-containing DPF is saturated with a high amount of soot, pressure drop and soot load at the filter reach equilibrium at around 360 °C under steady state engine operation due to passive regeneration. The uncoated DPF reached this equilibrium at around 440 °C. Comparing results at real exhaust with those at laboratory allow concluding that the Ce0.5Pr0.5O2-catalysed soot combustion in the real exhaust is not based on the NO2-assisted mechanism but is most likely occurring by the active oxygen-based mechanism.
Sponsor: The authors thank the financial support of Generalitat Valenciana (Project Prometeo 2009/047), Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (project CIT-420000-2009-48) and EU (FEDER funding).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/40179
ISSN: 1022-5528 (Print) | 1572-9028 (Online)
DOI: 10.1007/s11244-013-9995-3
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11244-013-9995-3
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11244-013-9995-3
Appears in Collections:INV - MCMA - Artículos de Revistas

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