Water dissociation on well-defined platinum surfaces: The electrochemical perspective

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Title: Water dissociation on well-defined platinum surfaces: The electrochemical perspective
Authors: Van der Niet, Maria J.T.C. | García Aráez, Nuria | Hernández Ferrer, Javier | Feliu, Juan M. | Koper, Marc T.M.
Research Group/s: Electroquímica de Superficies
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Electroquímica
Keywords: Electrocatalysis | Water dissociation | Platinum
Knowledge Area: Química Física
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Catalysis Today. 2013, 202: 105-113. doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2012.04.059
Abstract: This paper discusses three important discrepancies in the current interpretation of the role of water dissociation on the blank cyclic voltammetry of well-defined single-crystalline stepped platinum surfaces. First, for H adsorption both H-terrace and H-step contributions have been identified, whereas for OH adsorption only OH-terrace has been identified. Second, different shapes (broad vs. sharp) of the H-terrace and H-step voltammetric peaks imply different lateral interactions between hydrogen adatoms at terraces and steps, i.e. repulsive vs. attractive interactions. Third, the H-step peak exhibits an unusual pH-dependent shift of 50 mVNHE/pH unit. We propose here a model that can explain all these observations. In the model, the H-step peak is not due to only ad- and desorption of hydrogen, but to the replacement of H with O and/or OH. The O:OH ratio in the step varies with step geometry, step density and medium. In alkaline media relatively more OH is adsorbed in (or on) the step than in acidic media, under which conditions more O is adsorbed in (or on) the step. This would explain the anomalous pH dependence and would provide a possible explanation for the higher catalytic activity of alkaline media for electro-oxidation reactions. Although the model certainly still contains speculative elements, we believe it provides the most consistent interpretation of platinum single-crystal electrochemistry currently available, and presents an important and significant improvement over previous interpretations. In situ spectroscopic data are ultimately needed to confirm or disprove some of the assumptions of the model.
Sponsor: This work was supported financially by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO). JMF thanks the support of Generalitat Valenciana (Spain) through PROMETEO/2009/45 (Feder) project.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/38750
ISSN: 0920-5861 (Print) | 1873-4308 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2012.04.059
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2012.04.059
Appears in Collections:INV - EQSUP - Artículos de Revistas

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