Study of dopamine reactivity on platinum single crystal electrode surfaces

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Title: Study of dopamine reactivity on platinum single crystal electrode surfaces
Authors: Chumillas, Sara | Figueiredo, Marta C. | Climent, Victor | Feliu, Juan M.
Research Group/s: Electroquímica de Superficies
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Electroquímica
Keywords: Dopamine | Platinum single crystals | Cyclic voltammetry | In situ infrared spectroscopy | Catechol
Knowledge Area: Química Física
Issue Date: 30-Oct-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Electrochimica Acta. 2013, 109: 577-586. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2013.07.107
Abstract: Dopamine is the biological molecule responsible, among other functions, of the heart beat and blood pressure regulation. Its loss, in the human body, can result in serious diseases such as Parkinson's, schizophrenia or depression. Structurally, this molecule belongs to the group of catecholamines, together with epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline). The hydroquinone moiety of the molecule can be easily oxidized to quinone, rendering the electrochemical methods a convenient approach for the development of dopamine biosensors. The reactivity of similar aromatic molecules, such as catechol and hydroquinone, at well-ordered platinum surfaces, has recently been investigated in our group. In this paper, we extend these studies to the structurally related molecule dopamine. The study has been performed in neutral pH, since this is closer to the natural conditions for these molecules in biological media. Cyclic voltammetry and in situ infra-red spectroscopy have been combined to extract information about the behavior of this molecule on well-defined platinum surfaces. Dopamine appears to be electrochemically active and reveals interesting adsorption phenomena at low potentials (0.15–0.25 V vs RHE), sensitive to the single crystal orientation. The adsorption of dopamine on these surfaces is very strong, taking place at much lower potentials than the electron transfer from solution species. Specifically, the voltammetry of Pt(1 1 1) and Pt(1 0 0) in dopamine solutions shows an oxidation peak at potentials close to the onset of hydrogen evolution, which is related to the desorption of hydrogen and the adsorption of dopamine. On the other hand, adsorption on Pt(1 1 0) is irreversible and the surface appears totally blocked. Spectroscopic results indicate that dopamine is adsorbed flat on the surface. At potentials higher than 0.6 V vs RHE the three basal planes show a common redox process. The initial formation of the quinone moiety is followed by a chemical step resulting in the formation of 5,6-dihydroxyindoline quinone as final product. This oxidation process has also been investigated by vibrational spectroscopy.
Sponsor: We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad through projects CTQ2008-04492-E and CTQ2010-18570.
ISSN: 0013-4686 (Print) | 1873-3859 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2013.07.107
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - EQSUP - Artículos de Revistas

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