Effects of wild fish and motile epibenthic invertebrates on the benthos below an open water fish farm

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Title: Effects of wild fish and motile epibenthic invertebrates on the benthos below an open water fish farm
Authors: Sanz-Lázaro, Carlos | Belando, María Dolores | Navarrete Mier, Francisco | Marín, Arnaldo
Research Group/s: Biología Marina
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias del Mar y Biología Aplicada
Keywords: Aquaculture | Macrofauna | Predation | Sediment biogeochemistry | Organic matter enrichment
Knowledge Area: Zoología
Issue Date: 20-Jan-2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 2011, 91(2): 216-223. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2010.10.023
Abstract: A manipulative caging experiment was carried out to evaluate the role of wild fish and motile epibenthic invertebrates on the benthic system influenced by an open water fish farm. Chemical and biological parameters of the sediment were measured as indicators of the ecological benthic status. The combination of wild fish and currents notably lowered aquaculture waste sedimentation below the fish farm. The limited waste sedimentation rate could have limited the scavenger and predation activity of wild fish on the benthos, whose role may be taken over by motile epibenthic invertebrates. The interaction of these motile epibenthic invertebrates with the sediment differed from that observed with fish. The motile epibenthic invertebrates led to more reduced conditions with lower redox values, significantly decreased the number of species of macrofaunal benthic assemblages and significantly modified macrofaunal benthic assemblages. Therefore, epibenthic invertebrates do not seem to have an ameliorative effect on the benthic status produced by fish farming. Since the effects of epibenthic species on the benthic system can greatly vary according to their identity, further experiments should be performed to better understand the drivers that influence the epibenthic species identity that modulate the benthic system affected by fish farming.
Sponsor: This work has been funded by the project AGL2004-08350-C02-01/ACU from the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología, a predoctoral grant to C. S. from the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia and another predoctoral grant to F. N. from the ALBAN programme (EU).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/38119
ISSN: 0272-7714 (Print) | 1096-0015 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2010.10.023
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2010.10.023
Appears in Collections:INV - BM - Artículos Científicos / Scientific Papers

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