Effects of landscape spatial heterogeneity on dryland restoration success. The combined role of site conditions and reforestation techniques in southeastern Spain

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Título: Effects of landscape spatial heterogeneity on dryland restoration success. The combined role of site conditions and reforestation techniques in southeastern Spain
Título alternativo: Effets de l’hétérogénéité spatiale du paysage sur la restauration de zones sèches. Rôles combinés des conditions locales et des techniques de reboisement dans le sud-est de l’Espagne
Autor/es: Kribeche, Haroun | Bautista, Susana | Chirino Miranda, Esteban | Vilagrosa, Alberto | Vallejo Calzada, Ramón
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Gestión de Ecosistemas y de la Biodiversidad (GEB)
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ecología
Palabras clave: Mediterranean semiarid Matorral | Restoration treatments | Water micro-catchment & furrows | Mulching & compost | Plant shelters | Soil conservation
Área/s de conocimiento: Ecología
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Editor: Université d'Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse
Cita bibliográfica: Ecologia Mediterranea. 2012, 38(1): 5-17
Resumen: In occidental Europe, Spain is one of countries the most severely affected by desertification (Arnalds & Arsher 2000). Particularly, South-eastern Spain is considered as one of the most threatened areas by desertification in Mediterranean Europe (Vallejo 1997). In 2003, the Valencia Regional Forest Service implemented a restoration demonstration project in this area. The project site is a small catchment (25 ha) located in the Albatera municipality. The catchment is highly heterogeneous, with terraced slopes, south-facing slopes and north-facing slopes. The restoration strategy was based on planting evergreen trees and shrubs which can grow quickly after disturbances, and on field treatments aimed at maximizing water collection (micro-catchments, planting furrows), organic amendment (compost), and conservation (tree shelters, mulching). On south landscape unit, the whole category of restoration treatments was applied: water micro-catchment + Tubex tree shelters + mulching & compost, while on north landscape unit: netting tree shelters + mulching & compost only were applied, while in terrace landscape unit: furrows + netting tree shelters + mulching & compost were applied. Survival and growth of the planted seedlings were used as metrics of restoration success. To assess the effects of the treatments applied for soil conservation, soil loss rates (from 2005 to 2009) were evaluated using the erosion pin method. We conclude that, despite the limiting conditions prevailing on the south unit, this landscape unit showed the highest survival and growth plant rates in the area. The best seedling performances on the south landscape unit were probably due to the highest technical efforts applied, consisting in the water micro-catchment installation and the Tubex plant shelters addition. In addition, soil loss rates followed decreasing trends throughout the assessment period. Soil loss rates were highest on south landscape unit in comparison with the other landscape units, due to the more accentuated relief. North landscape unit and terrace unit showed a net soil mass gain, probably reflecting the trapping of sediments produced by plantation works.
Patrocinador/es: Financial support from Ministerio de Educación y Ciencias of CODEX-R and TRESECO projects, and Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino of ESTRES project.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/35156
ISSN: 0153-8756 | 1775-4100 (Online)
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Revisión científica: si
Versión del editor: http://ecologia-mediterranea.univ-avignon.fr/
Aparece en las colecciones:INV - GEB - Artículos de Revistas

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