No anticorrelation between cyclotron line energy and X-ray flux in 4U 0115+634

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Title: No anticorrelation between cyclotron line energy and X-ray flux in 4U 0115+634
Authors: Müller, Sebastian | Ferrigno, Carlo | Kühnel, Matthias | Schönherr, Gabriele | Becker, Peter A. | Wolff, Michael T. | Hertel, Dominik | Schwarm, Fritz-Walter | Grinberg, Victoria | Obst, Maria | Caballero, Isabel | Pottschmidt, Katja | Fürst, Felix | Kreykenbohm, Ingo | Rothschild, Richard E. | Hemphill, Paul | Martínez Núñez, Silvia | Torrejon, Jose M. | Klochkov, Dmitry | Staubert, Rüdiger | Wilms, Jörn
Research Group/s: Astronomía y Astrofísica
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Física, Ingeniería de Sistemas y Teoría de la Señal
Keywords: X-rays: binaries | Pulsars: individual 4U 0115+634 | Magnetic fields
Knowledge Area: Astronomía y Astrofísica | Física Aplicada
Issue Date: 8-Feb-2013
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Citation: Astronomy & Astrophysics. 2013, 551: A6. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220359
Abstract: We report on an outburst of the high mass X-ray binary 4U 0115+634 with a pulse period of 3.6 s in 2008 March/April as observed with RXTE and INTEGRAL. During the outburst the neutron star’s luminosity varied by a factor of 10 in the 3–50 keV band. In agreement with earlier work we find evidence of five cyclotron resonance scattering features at ~10.7, 21.8, 35.5, 46.7, and 59.7 keV. Previous work had found an anticorrelation between the fundamental cyclotron line energy and the X-ray flux. We show that this apparent anticorrelation is probably due to the unphysical interplay of parameters of the cyclotron line with the continuum models used previously, e.g., the negative and positive exponent power law (NPEX). For this model, we show that cyclotron line modeling erroneously leads to describing part of the exponential cutoff and the continuum variability, and not the cyclotron lines. When the X-ray continuum is modeled with a simple exponentially cutoff power law modified by a Gaussian emission feature around 10 keV, the correlation between the line energy and the flux vanishes, and the line parameters remain virtually constant over the outburst. We therefore conclude that the previously reported anticorrelation is an artifact of the assumptions adopted in the modeling of the continuum.
Sponsor: We acknowledge funding by the Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt grants 50OR0808, 50OR0905, and 50OR1113, and by the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst. M.T.W. is supported by the US Office of Naval Research. IC acknowledges financial support from the French Space Agency CNES through CNRS. S.M.N. and J.M.T. acknowledge support from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (MCINN) through grant AYA2010-15431 and the use of the computer facilities made available through the grant AIB2010DE-00057.
ISSN: 0004-6361 (Print) | 1432-0746 (Online)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201220359
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © ESO, 2013
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - Astronomía y Astrofísica - Artículos de Revistas

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