Social determinants of self-perceived discrimination in Spain

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Título: Social determinants of self-perceived discrimination in Spain
Autor/es: Gil-González, Diana | Vives-Cases, Carmen | Borrell, Carme | Agudelo Suárez, Andrés A. | Álvarez-Dardet, Carlos
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Salud Pública
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Palabras clave: Social discrimination | Sexism | Developing countries | Health surveys | Social inequity | Social determinants
Área/s de conocimiento: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Fecha de publicación: 12-feb-2013
Editor: Elsevier
Cita bibliográfica: GIL-GONZÁLEZ, D., et al. “Social determinants of self-perceived discrimination in Spain”. Public Health. Vol. 127, Issue 3 (March 2013). ISSN 0033-3506, pp. 223-230
Resumen: Objectives: To analyse the association between self-perceived discrimination and social determinants (social class, gender, country of origin) in Spain, and further to describe contextual factors which contribute to self-perceived discrimination. Methods: Cross-sectional design using data from the Spanish National Health Survey (2006). The dependent variable was self-perceived discrimination, and independent and stratifying variables were sociodemographic characteristics (e.g. sex, social class, country of origin, educational level). Logistic regression was used. Results: The prevalence of self-perceived discrimination was 4.2% for men and 6.3% for women. The likelihood of self-perceived discrimination was higher in people who originated from low-income countries: men, odds ratio (OR) 5.59 [95% confidence interval (CI) 4.55–6.87]; women, OR 4.06 (95% CI 3.42–4.83). Women were more likely to report self-perceived discrimination by their partner at home than men [OR 8.35 (95% CI 4.70–14.84)]. The likelihood of self-perceived discrimination when seeking work was higher among people who originated from low-income countries than their Spanish counterparts: men, OR 13.65 (95% CI 9.62–19.35); women, OR 10.64 (95% CI 8.31–13.62). In comparison with Spaniards, male white-collar workers who originated from low-income countries [OR 11.93 (95% CI 8.26–17.23)] and female blue-collar workers who originated from low-income countries (OR 1.6 (95% CI 1.08–2.39)] reported higher levels of self-perceived discrimination. Conclusions: Self-perceived discrimination is distributed unevenly in Spain and interacts with social inequalities. This particularly affects women and immigrants.
Patrocinador/es: CIBER Epidemiología and Salud Pública, Spain; Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo - Observatorio de Salud de la Mujer, Dirección General de la Agencia de Calidad - y Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación - Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain; and the ‘Analysis of the effects of discrimination in self-perceived health in adult and child population in Spain’ project from the Health Research Fund (Ref. No. PI080782).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/28096
ISSN: 0033-3506 (Print) | 1476-5616 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2012.11.009
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Revisión científica: si
Versión del editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2012.11.009
Aparece en las colecciones:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas
Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones
Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones

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