The industry location in Spain: new methods for measuring industrial agglomeration
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|Title:||The industry location in Spain: new methods for measuring industrial agglomeration|
|Authors:||Santa María Beneyto, María Jesús | Giner Pérez, José Miguel | Fuster, Antonio|
|Research Group/s:||Economía Industrial y Desarrollo Local|
|Center, Department or Service:||Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Economía Aplicada y Política Económica|
|Keywords:||Aglomeración industrial | Concentración espacial | Nuevas técnicas|
|Knowledge Area:||Economía Aplicada|
|Series/Report no.:||ERSA | 3|
|Abstract:||A range of quantitative techniques have been employed by researchers in economic geography and other social science disciplines to measure and, spatially, define agglomerations of industrial activity. However, the application of these techniques in the literature results in a low consistency level. Because of this, new quantitative techniques have introduced solutions to solve the problems founded in the location’s analysis. One of these problems is the discrimination between geographic concentration arising from individual plants locating near to each other and that due to the concentration in an industrial structure. A relevant limitation of traditional location indices is the absence of data about the differences in the size distribution of firms between geographic units. Recent papers by Ellison and Glaeser (1997) and Maurel and Sédillot (1999) have proposed indices designed to measure agglomerations or geographic concentrations in excess of that which would be expected given industrial concentrations. These measures are all based on the distribution of activity over discrete geographic units. Another problem is the use of arbitrary cut-off values for determining what level of industrial specialization defines an agglomeration. O’Donoghue and Gleave (2004) have proposed a new measure, the ‘standardized location quotient (SLQ)’, which recognizes agglomerations as being comprised of locations with statistically significant location quotient values for the industry/activity under analysis. In the empirical analysis the municipality, the micro level of administrative regions (NUTS-5) in Spain, will be used as territorial unit. The data will be provided by the Industrial Register (Ministry of Industry, 2000) that contains information about the population of production plants in Spain at two and/or three-digit industry level. This includes the location of the plant (given by municipality), the plant’s three-digit industrial classification and the number of employees. So, the objective of this work will be to identify spatial agglomerations within the Spanish industrial sectors using all these new contributions to the spatial analysis and, as a secondary objective, to compare the difference of the results obtained with each quantitative technique. The results will offer a wide view of the geographic concentration and agglomeration of industrial activity in Spain.|
|Description:||Comunicación presentada en 45th European Congress of the European Regional Science Association, Amsterdam, 23-27 August 2005|
|Appears in Collections:||INV - EIDL - Comunicaciones a Congresos, Conferencias, etc.|
INV - Investigación en Género - Comunicaciones a Congresos, Conferencias, etc.
Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones
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