Chemical modification of styrene –butadiene –styrene (SBS) rubber by reactive grafting with maleic anhydride

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Title: Chemical modification of styrene –butadiene –styrene (SBS) rubber by reactive grafting with maleic anhydride
Authors: Lasalle, Verónica Leticia | Failla, Marcelo Daniel | Vallés, Enrique Marcelo | Cepeda Jiménez, Carmen María | Torregrosa Maciá, Rosa | Martín-Martínez, José Miguel
Research Group/s: Laboratorio de Adhesión y Adhesivos
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Inorgánica | Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química (Bahía Blanca, Argentina)
Keywords: Grafting | Maleic anhydride | Rubber | Surface characterization | XPS | ATR-IR spectroscopy
Knowledge Area: Química Inorgánica
Date Created: 2003
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: VSP
Citation: LASALLE, Verónica Leticia, et al. "Chemical modification of styrene –butadiene –styrene (SBS) rubber by reactive grafting with maleic anhydride". Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology. Vol. 17, No. 12 (2003). ISSN 0169-4243, pp. 1713-1726
Abstract: A procedure to increase the adhesion of block styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS) rubber consisting of the reactive grafting with maleic anhydride (MA) in the presence of an organic peroxide radical initiator is proposed. The influence of the reactive grafting on the surface properties of SBS has been studied with special emphasis on the improvement of the adhesion to polyurethane adhesive. The grafting of MA onto SBS was carried out in the presence of different concentrations of 2,5-dimethyl-2,5-di(tertbutyl peroxy) hexane (DBPH) as initiator to generate oxygen radicals by thermal decomposition, which induce the grafting reaction. The modification process was performed in the molten state using a Brabender mixer to premix the reactants and a hot press to initiate the functionalizing reaction. ATR-IR and XPS spectroscopies were employed to verify the grafting of MA on SBS. The changes in wettability on the modified SBS rubber were determined by contact angle measurements. Adhesion properties were evaluated from T-peel tests of SBS rubber/ polyurethane adhesive joints. Reasonable extents of MA grafting on SBS were obtained (evidenced by the presence of a weak carbonyl vibration at 1700 cm-1 in the ATR-IR spectra and by the carbon– oxygen band at a binding energy of 287.0 eV in the XPS spectra). The higher the DBPH amount, the higher the MA amount grafted onto the SBS surface. The maximum grafting level was obtained using 2 wt% MA. Grafted species seemed to be mainly concentrated on the surface of the SBS-molded sheets. The wettability of the modified rubber increased with respect to the original polymer, new carbon–oxygen moieties were created and the C/O ratio increased. A noticeable enhancement in peel strength values was observed, which was ascribed to the creation of interfacial interactions between the polyurethane and the SBS rubber surfaces.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/2665
ISSN: 0169-4243
DOI: 10.1163/156856103322396758
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
Appears in Collections:INV - LAA - Artículos de Revistas

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