Social determinants and health effects of low and high severity intimate partner violence

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Título: Social determinants and health effects of low and high severity intimate partner violence
Autor/es: Vives-Cases, Carmen | Torrubiano Domínguez, Jordi | Escribà Agüir, Vicenta | Ruiz Pérez, Isabel | Montero Piñar, María Isabel | Gil-González, Diana
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Salud Pública
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Palabras clave: Battered women | Sociodemographics | Social support | Women's health
Área/s de conocimiento: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Fecha de publicación: 25-mar-2011
Editor: Elsevier
Cita bibliográfica: VIVES CASES, Carmen, et al. "Social determinants and health effects of low and high severity intimate partner violence". Annals of Epidemiology. Article in Press (Available online 25 March 2011). ISSN 1047-2797
Resumen: PURPOSE: We sought to analyze whether the sociodemographic profile of battered women varies according to the level of severity of intimate partner violence (IPV), and to identify possible associations between IPV and different health problems taking into account the severity of these acts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 8,974 women (18-70 years) attending primary healthcare centers in Spain (2006-2007) was performed. A compound index was calculated based on frequency, types (physical, psychological, or both), and duration of IPV. Descriptive and multivariate procedures using logistic regression models were fitted. RESULTS: Women affected by low severity IPV and those affected by high severity IPV were found to have a similar sociodemographic profile. However, divorced women (odds ratio [OR], 8.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.2-20.3), those without tangible support (OR, 6.6; 95% CI, 3.3-13.2), and retired women (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.2-6.0) were more likely to report high severity IPV. Women experiencing high severity IPV were also more likely to suffer from poor health than were those who experienced low severity IPV. CONCLUSIONS: The distribution of low and high severity IPV seems to be influenced by the social characteristics of the women involved and may be an important indicator for estimating health effects. This evidence may contribute to the design of more effective interventions.
Patrocinador/es: This study was partially financed by a research grant from "Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias" (Ministry of Health): PI050676.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/18147
ISSN: 1047-2797 (Print) | 1873-2585 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2011.02.003
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos: Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Revisión científica: si
Versión del editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2011.02.003
Aparece en las colecciones:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas
Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones

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