Short-term effect of beach replenishment on a shallow Posidonia oceanica meadow

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Title: Short-term effect of beach replenishment on a shallow Posidonia oceanica meadow
Authors: González-Correa, José Miguel | Fernández-Torquemada, Yolanda | Sánchez-Lizaso, José Luis
Research Group/s: Biología Marina
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias del Mar y Biología Aplicada
Keywords: Beach replenishment | Short-term impact | Earlier impact | Posidonia oceanica
Knowledge Area: Biología Marina
Date Created: 2009
Issue Date: Sep-2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: GONZÁLEZ CORREA, José Miguel; FERNÁNDEZ TORQUEMADA, Yolanda; SÁNCHEZ LIZASO, José Luis. “Short-term effect of beach replenishment on a shallow Posidonia oceanica meadow”. Marine Environmental Research. Vol. 68, Issue 3 (Sept. 2009). ISSN 0141-1136, pp. 143-150
Abstract: Putative perturbations on a Posidonia oceanica meadow produced by recent artificial beach nourishment were evaluated in relation to four undisturbed meadows. Temporal variations of putative impacted location vs. control locations of environmental (light availability and sediment features), plant (associated epiphytes, silt–clay fraction attached to epiphytes, herbivore attack, non-structural carbohydrate reserves) and structural parameters (cover and density) of meadows were tested by asymmetrical analysis of variance beyond BACI (Before/After, Control/Impact). Additionally, two asymmetrical analyses of variance were used to test for differences in vegetative growth of horizontal rhizomes (leaf production, horizontal rhizome growth, biomass production and net secondary rhizome recruitment) before and after beach replenishment. Environmental effects induced by dumping works were only detected in connection with a higher silt–clay deposition rate. This increase was consistent with the increase of silt–clay cover attached to epiphytes. As a consequence of silt–clay smothering, a decrease of filter feeding epiphytes, starch reserves, shoot surface and shoot biomass was observed. The sensitivity of plants to sediment inputs, leads us to recommend avoidance of dumping or sediment movement in the vicinity of P. oceanica meadows.
ISSN: 0141-1136 (Print) | 1879-0291 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2009.06.002
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - BM - Artículos Científicos / Scientific Papers
INV - Recursos Hídricos y Desarrollo Sostenible - Artículos de Revistas

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