Hybrid sol-gel conducting polymer synthetised by electrochemical insertion: tailoring the capacitance of polyaniline

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Title: Hybrid sol-gel conducting polymer synthetised by electrochemical insertion: tailoring the capacitance of polyaniline
Authors: Montilla, Francisco | Cotarelo Méndez, María de los Ángeles | Morallon, Emilia
Research Group/s: Electrocatálisis y Electroquímica de Polímeros
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Materiales
Keywords: Polyaniline | Capacitance | Sol-gel method | Conducting polymer
Knowledge Area: Química Física
Date Created: 2008
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: MONTILLA JIMÉNEZ, Francisco; COTARELO MÉNDEZ, María de los Ángeles; MORALLÓN NÚÑEZ, Emilia. “Hybrid sol-gel conducting polymer synthetised by electrochemical insertion: tailoring the capacitance of polyaniline”. Journal of Materials Chemistry. Vol. 19, Issue 2 (2009). ISSN 0959-9428, pp. 305-310
Abstract: The templated growth of polyaniline through porous sol–gel films on ITO substrates has been performed. The polyaniline–silica composites have been synthesized by electrochemical reactive insertion in potentiodynamic and potentiostatic conditions. When the polymer is synthesized by potential step experiments, the shape of the chronoamperograms indicates two regimes for the electrochemical polymerization of PANI. Electropolymerization happens faster within the silica pores than on bare ITO electrodes due to confinement effects of oligomeric species formed upon oxidation. The electrochemical capacitance of the silica–PANI hybrids is several time higher than the capacitance of ITO/PANI synthesized under the same conditions. The silica matrix avoids the electric collapse between vicinal conducting fibres in ITO/silica–PANI but allows the diffusion of ionic species that are in contact with the conjugated polymer, increasing therefore the conducting surface exposed to the electrolytic solution.
Sponsor: This work was financed by the following projects: MAT2007-60621 of the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación and GVPRE/2008/249 of the Generalitat Valenciana.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/10520
ISSN: 0959-9428
DOI: 10.1039/b813323a
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
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