Higher education segregation in Spain: Gender constructs and social background

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Title: Higher education segregation in Spain: Gender constructs and social background
Authors: García-Andreu, Hugo | Acebal Fernández, Alejandro | Aledo, Antonio
Research Group/s: Observatorio Sociológico de la Educación (OBSOEDU) | Población, Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo (POMADE)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Sociología I
Keywords: Inequality of educational opportunities | Higher education expansion | Educational choices | Overeducation | Sex-segregation | Class-segregation
Knowledge Area: Sociología
Issue Date: Mar-2020
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Citation: European Journal of Education. 2020, 55(1): 76-90. doi:10.1111/ejed.12377
Abstract: The waning influence of ascriptive factors on occupational status has been related to the expansion of higher education systems and economic modernisation. The theory of Effectively Maintained Inequality observes that the horizontal stratification of university degrees is a strategy of social differentiation used mainly by the most advantaged social class to access the occupations that are better valued in the labour market. This article verifies the effectively maintained inequality theory by means of a statistical analysis of selected degrees, differentiated by gender and social class, carried out in a Spanish university during the period of expansion and consolidation of the higher education system. The results confirm the theory, but they are partially conditioned by the vertical stratification that alters the composition by gender of the contingent of students of less advantaged social class, in which women present a greater tendency to choose degrees that are less valued by the market.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/103156
ISSN: 0141-8211 (Print) | 1465-3435 (Online)
DOI: 10.1111/ejed.12377
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/ejed.12377
Appears in Collections:INV - ANTROSOCLAB - Artículos de Revistas
INV - OBSOEDU - Artículos de Revistas
INV - POMADE - Artículos de Revistas

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