Broad‐front migration leads to strong migratory connectivity in the lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni)

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Title: Broad‐front migration leads to strong migratory connectivity in the lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni)
Authors: Sarà, Maurizio | Bondì, Salvatore | Bermejo, Ana | Bourgeois, Mathieu | Bouzin, Mathias | Bustamante, Javier | Puente, Javier de la | Evangelidis, Angelos | Frassanito, Annagrazia | Fulco, Egidio | Giglio, Giuseppe | Gradev, Gradimir | Griggio, Matteo | López‐Ricaurte, Lina | Kordopatis, Panagiotis | Marin, Simeon | Martínez, Juan | Mascara, Rosario | Mellone, Ugo | Pellegrino, Stefania C. | Pilard, Philippe | Podofillini, Stefano | Romero, Marta | Gustin, Marco | Saulnier, Nicolas | Serra, Lorenzo | Sfougaris, Athanassios | Urios, Vicente | Visceglia, Matteo | Vlachopoulos, Konstantinos | Zanca, Laura | Cecere, Jacopo G. | Rubolini, Diego
Research Group/s: Zoología de Vertebrados
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias Ambientales y Recursos Naturales
Keywords: Bird migration | Geolocators | GPS | Non‐breeding distribution | Sahel | Satellite telemetry | Spatial structure
Knowledge Area: Zoología
Issue Date: Dec-2019
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Citation: Journal of Biogeography. 2019, 46(12): 2663-2677. doi:10.1111/jbi.13713
Abstract: Aim: Migratory animals regularly move between often distant breeding and non‐breeding ranges. Knowledge about how these ranges are linked by movements of individuals from different populations is crucial for unravelling temporal variability in population spatial structuring and for identifying environmental drivers of population dynamics acting at different spatio‐temporal scales. We performed a large‐scale individual‐based migration tracking study of an Afro‐Palaearctic migratory raptor, to determine the patterns of migratory connectivity of European breeding populations. Location: Europe, Africa. Methods: Migration data were recorded using different devices (geolocators, satellite transmitters, Global Positioning System dataloggers) from 87 individuals breeding in the three core European populations, located in the Iberian, Italian and Balkan peninsulas. We estimated connectivity by the Mantel correlation coefficient (rM), and computed both the degree of separation between the non‐breeding areas of individuals from the same population (i.e. the population spread) and the relative size of the non‐breeding range (i.e. the non‐breeding range spread). Results: European lesser kestrels migrated on a broad front across the Mediterranean Sea and Sahara Desert, with different populations using different routes. Iberian birds migrated to western Sahel (Senegal, Mauritania, western Mali), Balkan birds migrated chiefly to central‐eastern Sahel (Niger, Nigeria, Chad), whereas Italian ones spread from eastern Mali to Nigeria. Spatial differentiation of non‐breeding areas led to a strong migratory connectivity (rM = .58), associated with a relatively high population (637 km) and non‐breeding range (1,149 km) spread. Main conclusions: Our comprehensive analysis of the non‐breeding distribution of European lesser kestrel populations revealed a strong migratory connectivity, a rare occurrence in long‐distance avian migrants. The geographical conformation of the species’ breeding and non‐breeding ranges, together with broad‐front migration across ecological barriers, promoted the differentiation of migratory routes and non‐breeding areas. Strong connectivity could then arise because of both high population spread and broad non‐breeding range.
Sponsor: CLH; FCC Energía/Enerstar Villena S.A.; Alcalá de Henares Municipality; EDF Énergies Nouvelles S.A.; EuroNatur; Fundación Iberdrola España, Grant/Award Number: Project Migra; MAVA Foundation; French Ministry of Ecology, Grant/Award Number: Lesser Kestrel National Action Plan; Greek Green Fund; European Commission, Grant/Award Number: LIFE11 NAT/IT/000068, LIFE11 NAT/BG/000360 and NAT/GR/001011; Córdoba Zoo; Seiit‐R‐4; Consejería de Agricultura, Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo Rural de Castilla‐La Mancha; MIUR, Grant/Award Number: PRIN 2010‐2011/20180‐TZKHC.
ISSN: 0305-0270 (Print) | 1365-2699 (Online)
DOI: 10.1111/jbi.13713
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Peer Review: si
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